Monday, May 20, 2019



Study Guide: Vietnam War, Memorial Day, Veterans Day, Branches of Government

-          Domino Theory – America couldn’t let Ho Chi Minh take over Vietnam because Laos and Cambodia would quickly become communist countries
-          North Vietnam – communist
-          South Vietnam – anti-communist
-          Viet Cong advantage – they knew the terrain extremely well
-          Unpopularity of Vietnam – gruesome bloodshed on both sides
-          Richard Nixon slogan – “Peace with honor”
-          The United States and Vietnam are trading partners today.
-          58,000 died

Memorial Day / Veterans Day
-          Memorial Day - Federal Holiday
-          Decorate graves with flags and flowers
-          Victory gardens were planted in Philadelphia during WWII.
-          For draftees, military service is required.
-          The War in Afghanistan is the longest lasting war in U.S. history.
-          Approximately 1,000,000 Americans have died in uniform.
-          The tradition of attending a parade supports the idea that Memorial Day is a celebration.
-          Sending care packages is a way to support deployed soldiers.
-          All veterans that are deployed have to spend time away from their friends and family.
-          Military casualties are unavoidable because some soldiers work in dangerous conditions.

Branches of Government

-         Legislative
§  Makes the laws
§  Congress (2 chambers) Senate / House of Representatives
§  Senate – 100 senators (2 from each state)
§  House of Representatives – number based on population (535)
-          Executive
§  Approve the laws
§  President is in charge
§  President (2 terms / 4years each)
§  Cabinet – group of people who help the president make decisions
-          Judicial
§  Carry out the laws
§  Supreme Court
§  9 Judges (life or retire)

***** Define on the back: Constitution, Bill of Rights, veto *****

Tuesday, April 9, 2019



Study Guide (WWI / WWII)
Allied Powers – WWI alliance (Britain, France, Italy, Belgium, Russia, United States)
Communism – political system which all property is owned by the government
World War II – the war began when Great Britain and France declared war against the Axis
Iron Curtain – the line dividing Europe into communist and non-communist countries
Axis – alliance (Japan, Italy, Germany)
Cold War – war between the US and the Soviet Union
Holocaust – Hitler’s attempt to destroy the Jewish people
New Deal – helped the United States recover from the depression
Arms Race – race between the US and the Soviet Union to build the most powerful weapons
Treaty of Versailles – ended WWI
Concentration Camps – place where Germans enslaved and murdered those they considered enemies
League of Nations – organization designed to prevent future wars
League of Women Voters – helped inform men and women about political issues
19th Amendment – gave women the right to vote
Relocation camp – place where Japanese Americans were sent during WWII
Central Powers – alliance the United States declared war on in WWI
Roaring Twenties – a decade of wealth and prosperity
Great Depression – period of failed business and job loss
United Nations – formed at the end of WWII to keep world peace
2 million Americans served in WWI
10 million soldiers died in battle in WWI
Discrimination – unfair difference in the treatment of people
Suffrage – right to vote
Adolf Hitler – leader of the Nazi party
Pearl Harbor – Japan struck an American base in Hawaii that brought the United States into WWII
Hiroshima and Nagasaki – atomic bomb locations
***************** ANY INFORMATION FROM YOUR PACKET MAY BE ON THE TEST ***************

Monday, April 8, 2019


packet pg. 116

Monday, April 1, 2019


Period 1A:  WWI Packet (111)

Periods 1B, 2A, 2B, 3A, 3B: WWI Packet (111 and 112)

Monday, March 18, 2019



Total war – all-out war to destroy people’s ability and will to fight
Emancipation Proclamation – ended slavery in the Confederacy
Gettysburg Address – famous speech by Abraham Lincoln
Civil War – Union vs. Confederates
Anaconda Plan – Union’s plan for victory
Blockade – to block off
Reconstruction – rebuilding the South
Segregation – separation of people by race
14th Amendment – guarantees all male citizens the same legal rights
Jim Crow Laws – made the separation of white and black people legal
13th Amendment – abolished slavery
Ku Klux Klan – former Confederate officers that terrorized African Americans
15th Amendment – all males can vote regardless of race
Carpetbaggers – Northerners who started a business in the South
Black Codes – described the rights and duties of freed African Americans
Impeach – charge a government official with wrongdoing
Sharecropping – rent land and give part of their crops as rent
Ulysses S. Grant – main general Union Army
Robert E. Lee – main general Confederate Army
Abraham Lincoln – President of the Union
Jefferson Davis – President of the Confederacy
54th Massachusetts – first African American regiment
Merrimack – Confederate Ironclad ship
Monitor – Union Ironclad ship
Fort Sumter – 1st battle, 34 hours, 0 dead
Most people thought the war would last a few short months.
TJ Jackson – “Stonewall”
Great Skedaddle – Union retreat at Bull Run
Draft – men age 20 – 45 were chosen to fight in the war
Appomattox Courthouse – place where Lee surrendered to Grant
Between 620,000 and 680,000 people died during the Civil War.

Tuesday, March 12, 2019


Define the following words. 

- 13th Amendment
- 14th Amendment
- sharecropping
- Jim Crow Laws

- 13th Amendment
- 14th Amendment
- 15th Amendment
- sharecropping
- Ku Klux Klan

- Reconstruction
- 13th Amendment
- Black Codes
- segregation

- 14th Amendment
- Black Codes
- Freedmen's Bureau
- sharecropping
- Impeach

- Reconstruction
- Black Codes
- sharecropping

Monday, February 25, 2019



Study Guide: North / South

North (Union)
-          Manufacturing was much more important in this region
-          Immigrants were settling in this region where jobs were plentiful
-          Most states in this region had ended slavery
-          Even though most states ended slavery, prejudice still remained
-          President – Abraham Lincoln

South (Confederacy)
-          Became wealthy because of cotton grown and produced by slave labor
-          4 million African Americans were forced to work on cotton plantations
-          It was a crime to teach a slave to read and write
-          Slave rebellions took place here
-          President – Jefferson Davis

Nat Turner
-          Led a slave rebellion in Virginia
-          Killed 60 men, women, and children with his crew
-          Hid in the woods for 6 weeks
-          All the members of his group were hanged

Frederick Douglas
-          Learned to read from slave owners wife and poor white children
-          Became a great abolitionist
-          Escaped to the North as a sailor
-          Wrote a bestselling book
-          Became a friend to Lincoln

Underground Railroad
-          Passengers – slaves
-          Conductors – guides
-          Stations – places slaves hid along the way
-          Stationmasters – people who fed and sheltered the slaves

Harriet Tubman
-          Most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad
-          Nickname: Moses
-          Traveled 90 miles to freedom
-          Led over 300 slaves to freedom

Dred Scott Decision – said slaves were property
Secede – states leaving the Union
Missouri Compromise – divided the United States into free and slave states
Confederate States of America – new country formed by states that left the Union
Compromise of 1850 – California admitted as a free state, Union follows the Fugitive Slave Law
Kansas-Nebraska Act – Kansas and Nebraska could decide for themselves (slavery or not)
Abolitionist – someone who wants to end slavery
States’ rights – each state should be allowed to make its own decisions
Underground Railroad – secret routes escaping slaves followed to freedom
Fugitive Slave Law – required police in free states to capture escaping slaves